Phalaenopsis Orchids

The Moth Orchid Takes Off!

Christopher Currey University of Minnesota Graduate Student

Moth orchids (genus Phalaenopsis) have been taking the potted plant world by storm for the last decade. They are now second only in total sale value to poinsettias, yet per pot they are the most valuable crop on the market today.

The above quoted from the University of Minnesota website. For the complete article with loads of information on the moth (or phalaenopsis) orchid here is the article Moth orchids (genus Phalaenopsis)

If you want to add one of these beautiful plants to your home, check out the extensive selection on eBay. Great prices too.

Phalaenopsis Orchids
Phalaenopsis Orchids







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Command Syntax Errors in .htaccess file

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Our server administrators will be able to advise you on how to avoid this error if it is caused by process limitations. Please contact our Live Support or open a Ticket. Be sure to include the steps needed for our support staff to see the 500 error on your site.

Understanding Filesystem Permissions

Symbolic Representation

The first character indicates the file type and is not related to permissions. The remaining nine characters are in three sets, each representing a class of permissions as three characters. The first set represents the user class. The second set represents the group class. The third set represents the others class.

Each of the three characters represent the read, write, and execute permissions:

  • r if reading is permitted, - if it is not.
  • w if writing is permitted, - if it is not.
  • x if execution is permitted, - if it is not.

The following are some examples of symbolic notation:

  • -rwxr-xr-x a regular file whose user class has full permissions and whose group and others classes have only the read and execute permissions.
  • crw-rw-r-- a character special file whose user and group classes have the read and write permissions and whose others class has only the read permission.
  • dr-x------ a directory whose user class has read and execute permissions and whose group and others classes have no permissions.

Numeric Representation

Another method for representing permissions is an octal (base-8) notation as shown. This notation consists of at least three digits. Each of the three rightmost digits represents a different component of the permissions: user, group, and others.

Each of these digits is the sum of its component bits As a result, specific bits add to the sum as it is represented by a numeral:

  • The read bit adds 4 to its total (in binary 100),
  • The write bit adds 2 to its total (in binary 010), and
  • The execute bit adds 1 to its total (in binary 001).

These values never produce ambiguous combinations. each sum represents a specific set of permissions. More technically, this is an octal representation of a bit field – each bit references a separate permission, and grouping 3 bits at a time in octal corresponds to grouping these permissions by user, group, and others.

Permission mode 0755

4+2+1=7

Read, Write, eXecute
4+1=5

Read, eXecute
4+1=5

Read, eXecute

Permission mode 0644

4+2=6

Read, Write
4

Read
4

Read

How to modify your .htaccess file

The .htaccess file contains directives (instructions) that tell the server how to behave in certain scenarios and directly affect how your website functions.

Redirects and rewriting URLs are two very common directives found in a .htaccess file, and many scripts such as WordPress, Drupal, Joomla and Magento add directives to the .htaccess so those scripts can function.

It is possible that you may need to edit the .htaccess file at some point, for various reasons.This section covers how to edit the file in cPanel, but not what may need to be changed.(You may need to consult other articles and resources for that information.)

There are Many Ways to Edit a .htaccess File

  • Edit the file on your computer and upload it to the server via FTP
  • Use an FTP program's Edit Mode
  • Use SSH and a text editor
  • Use the File Manager in cPanel

The easiest way to edit a .htaccess file for most people is through the File Manager in cPanel.

How to Edit .htaccess files in cPanel's File Manager

Before you do anything, it is suggested that you backup your website so that you can revert back to a previous version if something goes wrong.

Open the File Manager

  1. Log into cPanel.
  2. In the Files section, click on the File Manager icon.
  3. Check the box for Document Root for and select the domain name you wish to access from the drop-down menu.
  4. Make sure Show Hidden Files (dotfiles)" is checked.
  5. Click Go. The File Manager will open in a new tab or window.
  6. Look for the .htaccess file in the list of files. You may need to scroll to find it.

To Edit the .htaccess File

  1. Right click on the .htaccess file and click Code Edit from the menu. Alternatively, you can click on the icon for the .htaccess file and then click on the Code Editor icon at the top of the page.
  2. A dialogue box may appear asking you about encoding. Just click Edit to continue. The editor will open in a new window.
  3. Edit the file as needed.
  4. Click Save Changes in the upper right hand corner when done. The changes will be saved.
  5. Test your website to make sure your changes were successfully saved. If not, correct the error or revert back to the previous version until your site works again.
  6. Once complete, you can click Close to close the File Manager window.

How to modify file and directory permissions

The permissions on a file or directory tell the server how in what ways it should be able to interact with a file or directory.

This section covers how to edit the file permissions in cPanel, but not what may need to be changed.(See the section on what you can do for more information.)

There are Many Ways to Edit a File Permissions

  • Use an FTP program
  • Use SSH and a text editor
  • Use the File Manager in cPanel

The easiest way to edit file permissions for most people is through the File Manager in cPanel.

How to Edit file permissions in cPanel's File Manager

Before you do anything, it is suggested that you backup your website so that you can revert back to a previous version if something goes wrong.

Open the File Manager

  1. Log into cPanel.
  2. In the Files section, click on the File Manager icon.
  3. Check the box for Document Root for and select the domain name you wish to access from the drop-down menu.
  4. Make sure Show Hidden Files (dotfiles)" is checked.
  5. Click Go. The File Manager will open in a new tab or window.
  6. Look for the file or directory in the list of files. You may need to scroll to find it.

To Edit the Permissions

  1. Right click on the file or directory and click Change Permissions from the menu.
  2. A dialogue box should appear allowing you to select the correct permissions or use the numerical value to set the correct permissions.
  3. Edit the file permissions as needed.
  4. Click Change Permissions in the lower left hand corner when done. The changes will be saved.
  5. Test your website to make sure your changes were successfully saved. If not, correct the error or revert back to the previous version until your site works again.
  6. Once complete, you can click Close to close the File Manager window.

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Phalaenopsis Pilong Cherry SPIKE HIGHLY FRAGRANT 4 inch pot
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Phal Phalaenopsis Star of Dixie Philly HCC x violacea Hilltops Gabby Flask
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Phal Phalaenopsis Mayamar Mt Vernon x violacea Midnight Mlade Compot
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SOUGHT AFTER Phalaenopsis speciosa tetraspsis C1 orchid species P6
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FRAGRANT Eurychone rothschildiana orchid species Phalaenopsis Alliance Q16
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phalaenopsis violacea blue x vio vio blmsz fragrant
phalaenopsis violacea blue x vio vio blmsz fragrant
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Fragrant Phalaenopsis Orchid Compot Tying Shin Fly Eagle x Brother Ambo Passion
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IN SPIKE Phalaenopsis leuddemanniana v pulchra orchid species WAXY Rare P10
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Yellow Flowered Phalaenopsis Orchid Plant in 4 Pot Brings Delightful Blossoms
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PHALAENOPSIS VIRIDIS ORCHID PHAL SLIGHTLY FRAGRANT 7
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Time Remaining: 6d 16h 24m
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Phal Orchids – Essential Guidelines for Easily Growing Phalaenopsis Orchids

If you're new to orchid growing or are looking for an easy, minimal care orchid then look no further—the Phalaenopsis, or Phal orchid, might just be your new best friend. These stunning flowers have become very popular in homes around the world because of their ease to care for, stunning blooms, varied colors, elegant look, and wonderful fragrance. Even if you are an expert orchid grower, it's worth having a Phal orchid around to add a touch of grace to your home.

Phalaenopsis orchids are also referred to as moth orchids because of their similar shape to a moth when they are in full bloom. Phal's come in pink, white, purple, yellow and many are wonderfully striped. These really are jaw-dropping flowers, which makes it no surprise that they are so commonly seen incorporated into wedding ceremonies these days.

Phalaenopsis are a genus of orchids. There are over 60 species in the genus and a plethora of hybrid variations. They are one of the most cultivated orchids on the planet with new hybrids being bred regularly. They are epiphytes, meaning they are found attached to trees, rocks or other plants, using their structure for mechanical support.

When growing a Phal orchid at home, it's important to emulate this. One of the best ways to do this is to use a bamboo stick, placed in the center of the orchid pot, and attach the stem to the bamboo with some wire ties. This will support your orchid and also allow the blooms to be beautifully presented.

I also like to use clear plastic pots during the growing period because it allows sunlight to reach the root structure. Sun light is very important to all orchids, but the right amount and intensity is critical for your Phal. Phal's are low-light orchids so it's best to place them in an East or South-East facing window, pulled back a bit from the window so that they get bright morning sun, but the light will lack the intensity of the later parts of the day.

If you decide to use artificial lights then fluorescents are a great choice. Just place the light about a foot to a foot and a half above the orchid on an angle. Give them 12 hours, or so, of sunlight, or whatever mimics the natural daylight of that time of year.

Temperature is also very important for Phalaenopsis orchids. Aim for a daytime temperature of no more than 85 F and nighttime lows of around 65 F.

A critical component for all Phal's is their water intake. This need is met through two mediums: physically watering the plant and humidity. If you have a humidifier, aim to keep the humidity around 70%, although some Phalaenopsis species will like it higher.

If you don't have a humidifier you can buy a humidity tray that will meet this need.

A word of caution here: Do not over water your Phal orchids. This is the single biggest mistake in orchid care. Plan on watering once every 7 to 10 days. During the high growth season you can increase this to once every 5-7 days. I also like to fertilize about every other time that I water. This helps give your plant a boost of necessary nutrients.

Having a Phalaenopsis orchid around is really an eye-pleaser at home or at work. If you follow these few simple guidelines then you'll be on your way to seeing your orchids bloom beautifully and easily.

About the Author

Mark Alber is the owner of www.OrchidInformationHeadquarters.com. You can find more resources on Phal Orchids at his website.

Cutting a Phalaenopsis Spike

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